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Either your web browser doesn't support Javascript or it is currently turned off. In the latter case, please turn on Javascript support in your web browser and reload this page. This study therefore set out to explore the meaning of male partner involvement and propose a definition and theoretical model of this concept in PMTCT in Uganda. Eight focus group discussions and five in-depth interviews were conducted with couples at three public health facilities and community members in the health facility catchment areas in Uganda. The study employed a grounded theory approach underpinned by the pragmatic philosophical paradigm.

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Male partner - Crossword Clue

Metrics details. South Africa faces numerous reproductive challenges that include high rates of unplanned and adolescent pregnancies. The uptake and utilization of family planning services and modern contraception methods depend on numerous factors. The male partner plays a key role in reproductive health but data on this topic are outdated or have a predominant HIV prevention focus.

This qualitative study was conducted in a community and healthcare provision setting in the eThekwini District in KwaZulu-Natal province, South Africa. Following a constructionist paradigm and using the health utilization behaviour model, data were analysed using thematic analysis, allowing a robust and holistic exploration of the data.

Male opposition was attributed to limited understanding; misunderstandings about side-effects; male dominance in relationships; and physical abuse. These factors contributed to covert or discontinued use by female partners. By identifying the barriers that male partners present, appropriate strategies can be implemented. Peer Review reports. South Africa faces numerous reproductive health challenges including high unmet need among unmarried women, high rates of unplanned pregnancies, and high rates of adolescent pregnancies.

Using a qualitative and community-based approach contextualised the findings and identified further areas for research. South Africa faces key reproductive health challenges that are entrenched in socio-political and cultural factors. Currently there is no data available on male unmet need in South Africa, however the couple year protection rate CYPR is estimated to be Along with the stagnated CPR and high unmet need, other key reproductive health challenges include high rates of unplanned pregnancies, high rates of adolescent pregnancies, and a large generalised HIV epidemic where young women are predominantly affected [ 3 , 8 , 9 ].

Unplanned pregnancies tend to be highest among young, unmarried women who are HIV positive [ 9 , 10 ]. Inter-personal relationships include family, community members, religious leaders, healthcare providers and intimate partners [ 6 , 14 ]. This is mainly attributed to the culturally elevated status that men have over women and men being more economically empowered [ 11 , 14 ].

Culture guides behaviour and is a macro-structural factor that influences reproductive behaviour [ 21 , 22 , 23 ]. These patriarchal cultural views give men power to decide how many children a couple should have [ 25 ]. While these findings are enlightening, they are in some instances more relevant within their own context. The eThekwini District, where the data for this study was collected, is the third largest in South Africa, with a population size of slightly below three and a half million people, the dominant language spoken is IsiZulu [ 35 ].

The CYPR for the district is In terms of demographics, currently, The low marriage rates in the district reflect the current state of marriage in South Africa that is in decline and at a national low [ 36 , 37 ].

Two large areas were chosen within the district that represent a mixture of rural, peri-urban and urban areas. Both areas are predominantly populated by Black South Africans A qualitative methodology was used to gather data from the two areas described above within the eThekwini district of KwaZulu-Natal.

In-depth interviews IDIs were conducted with key informants KIs , who ranged from educators to community care givers, traditional healers, and programme managers for sexual and reproductive health programs. Eight KIs were selected purposively or via snowball sampling, based on expertise, and participated in an IDI. It was estimated that between eight and ten KI IDIs would be required to reach data saturation, which was achieved with the eight KIs interviewed.

Healthcare providers from eight healthcare facilities in the district were invited to participate. The HCP groups were structured in such a way as to promote open discussion. Local community advisory boards CAB assisted with identifying potentially eligible participants and purposive sampling was used to recruit community members according to FGD categories and eligibility criteria.

The FGDs were conducted by research assistants who were matched by gender and language to the participants to facilitate rapport. The research assistants were all trained in conducting FGDs and all had previous experience of using qualitative methodology to collect data.

FGDs lasted between one to two hours. The IDIs were conducted by either a research assistant, study coordinator, or senior researcher to facilitate rapport with the participants. FGDs were conducted at community-based facilities.

All the FGDs and IDIs that were conducted in isiZulu were translated and back-translated by research assistants who are fluent in both languages. These transcripts were then reviewed and checked for accuracy by the researchers.

Any ambiguity in the translations were discussed and clarified with the respective research assistant and interviewer to ensure the accuracy of the translations. At the end of the project, the results were shared with the community members, and there was a high degree of agreement from the community members with the results presented. This further contributed to the validity and accuracy of the data. Adolescent participants were asked the same questions as per their respective gender to the adult participants.

Similar key theme questions were asked that inquired about understandings of family planning; knowledge, attitudes and practices; key barriers and enablers to family planning access; perceptions and definitions of quality of care; and the role of community participation in family planning and contraceptive services. This resulted in the emergence of the male partner and themes described in this paper.

Obtaining various perspectives is congruent with employing a social constructionist approach in analysing the data, where opinions are valued equally. This was an important stance to adopt considering the varied categories of participants that were involved in this study. In addition to the audio recordings, detailed field notes were taken. IDI interviewers took their own notes while conducting the interview. Demographic data were collected and descriptively analysed.

Qualitative data analysis was done using thematic content analysis, following a social constructionist approach. Social constructionism provided a theoretical framework through which to explain and understand the interpretation of cultural constructs in family planning and contraceptive use [ 39 , 40 ].

A master code book was developed amongst the researchers in all three countries in which the larger study was conducted. This team approach allowed for rich discussion about the meaning of concepts and codes, further establishing the validity and appropriateness of the code list. Independent coders double coded a subset of the data to increase reliability of the data. The constant comparison method was used to further explore the data and develop additional themes [ 45 ].

NVivo version 10, QSR International was used as the computer assisted qualitative data analysis software that facilitate coding and analysis of the data. Themes were derived from the initial coding, and later grouped into categories.

The constant comparison method as described by Ryan and Bernard [ 45 ] was used to identify emergent themes in the data. An in-depth discussion on the overall methodology used in this project is described elsewhere [ 47 ]. Community males had a mean age of Notably, only two female participants were married. Of the male and female participants who reported pregnancies, 32 and Community members had a good range of information about available products.

Male condoms were equally discussed between men and women, followed by discussions about hormonal injections. Perhaps the most interesting aspect to note of Fig. This issue will be addressed further in a separate paper. Concerning my health, if there will be any effect and how is going to help me?

One young male adult participant explained how the use of the hormonal injection and the associated increased vaginal wetness was unacceptable for men:. That is not right my brother that thing [all laughing and one says: it does not treat her right].

The injection is wrong. The view that men over exaggerated vaginal wetness was shared widely across the female participant groups, as one female participant explains:. There is nothing that they think about besides water retention that you are always wet.

Even if you are not he will say you are wet. This was particularly in reference to male condoms, as one young adult male participant pointed out:. Ay, unprotected sex is nice. With a condom, you just feel the plastic [.. You must not tell him that you are on injection you must just go and have your injection and keep quiet.

Another reported factor was the difference in discordant fertility desires between partners. You sometimes find that you are the only boy in your family, all the others are girls. Discussions about marriage and the payment of a bride wealth iLobola highlighted this theme of gender dynamics and ownership. The role of paying iLobola was explained by one male participant:.

But if you go to other places [traditional Zululand] you see, where [the Zulu] culture [is] still really followed, you find that thing happening where a guy does not have sex with a girl without having paid lobola [ Despite the changing practices surrounding marriage and the payment of bride wealth, the fact that women continue to belong to their male partners was highlighted by one key stakeholder HCP:.

They are the properties of the men. A female participant explained how men sometimes punctured male condoms to establish power in relationships:. Covert use was widely discussed by all the participants in the study, suggesting that this behaviour is perhaps more prevalent in this setting than elsewhere. It was often linked to a lack of communication between men and women. A HCP added to the covert use conversation by describing that women hide their clinic cards from their male partners:.

One adult female participant explained how male misinformation, side effects and covert use link together in this setting:. Maybe you have been having sex for a year while on injection. Now that you have told him about injection. As the quotes from the female participants below point out, not all male partners are the same. You go with your partner to counselling session [s] [ … ] and they will explain further about that thing. Women, other women, when you say that you [are] on contraceptives others criticise you [ Friends criticise you, not saying it to you, talking to others saying you [are] on injection, so and so.

You see, they criticise you.

I love my male partner – but I yearn to be with a woman

Register your interest. Male sexual dysfunction has received growing national attention. The rates of sexual dysfunction in men are relatively high, and these dysfunctions are often associated with a decrease in quality of life. Despite this growing attention, the impact of these disorders on the female partner is not well understood. The psychological impact has mainly been described in the clinical literature.

The best marriages are probably based on teamwork. But it seems individual contributions do matter — specifically, who earns how much of the household income.

Metrics details. South Africa faces numerous reproductive challenges that include high rates of unplanned and adolescent pregnancies. The uptake and utilization of family planning services and modern contraception methods depend on numerous factors. The male partner plays a key role in reproductive health but data on this topic are outdated or have a predominant HIV prevention focus.

Male partner involvement and assistance in female condom use.

Metrics details. This study therefore set out to explore the meaning of male partner involvement and propose a definition and theoretical model of this concept in PMTCT in Uganda. Eight focus group discussions and five in-depth interviews were conducted with couples at three public health facilities and community members in the health facility catchment areas in Uganda. The study employed a grounded theory approach underpinned by the pragmatic philosophical paradigm. Data were analyzed using the constant comparative method, performing three levels of open, axial, and selective coding. Participants expressed that men were engaged in PMTCT when they offered economic support by providing basic needs and finances or when they included their female partners in financial planning for the family. Psychosocial support arose from the female participants who defined male involvement as family support, perceived societal recognition and emotional support. Further research should seek to develop and validate tools to accurately measure male partner involvement as the next step in the development of interventions to improve PMTCT outcomes. Peer Review reports. Uganda has the highest national adult HIV prevalence in the East African region, with an estimated national prevalence rate of 6.

The impact of male sexual dysfunction on the female partner

Alan W Shindel , Christian J. Nelson, Cathy K. Naughton, Michael Ohebshalom, John P. Purpose: We prospectively collected data on mental and physical health related quality of life as well as sexual and relationship function in couples presenting for the treatment of infertility. Materials and Methods: Infertile couples were invited to complete a demographic survey, the Short Form 36 and the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Inventory.

I am a year-old woman and have been with my male partner since I was

Javascript is currently disabled in your browser. Several features of this site will not function whilst javascript is disabled. Received 8 October

Dancing On Ice’s Ian ‘H’ Watkins claims BBC wouldn’t allow him male partner on gymnastics show

Kero, A. Lalos, U. This study comprises 75 men who have been involved in legal abortion. The men answered a questionnaire concerning living conditions and attitudes about pregnancy and abortion.

More than key social issues confronting the United States today are covered in this reasonably priced eight-volume set: from abortion and adoption to capital punishment and corporate crime; from James Ciment holds a B. He lives in New York City. Routledge Bolero Ozon. Social Issues in America : An Encyclopedia. James Ciment.

Men feel stressed if their female partners earn more than 40 per cent of household income

Background: Male partner had significant role in reducing delay decision to seek emergency obstetric care. Male partner those who were involved in emergency obstetric plan were more likely to reduce delay in decision to seek emergency obstetric care than those who were not involved. Therefore the main aim of this study was to assess male partner role on reduce delay in decision to seek emergency obstetric care and associated factors among women admitted to maternity ward , in hospitals of north showa, Amhara, Ethiopia. Methods: A cross- sectional facility based study was conducted at north showa, among women with obstetric complications and their spouse. Systematic sampling was used to select study participants and data was collected on socio-demographic and what roles spouses were during complications arise in reducing delay in decision to seek care.

Men had higher intentions to mate-guard when partner wore red, relative to black. •. Women could not predict male partner's mate guarding as a function of color.

Psychology Press Bolero Ozon. Chronic Diseases. Marvin Stein , Andrew Baum. Although considerable progress has been made in the understanding and treatment of a range of medical disorders, it had recently been pointed out that 85 percent of the population will be stricken by chronic disorders which may be accompanied by many years of suffering. This volume deals with issues of both cure and risk in chronic illnesses which are among the group of disorders associated with the leading causes of death in the United States at this time -- Alzheimer's disease, AIDS, and cancer.

Woman with Male Partner

Male involvement is a critical element in providing family-focused services to HIV-infected pregnant mothers, their infants and family members. It is also important in the prevention of HIV infection and can help couples who are seronegative to remain seronegative. Number of pregnant women attending antenatal care whose male partner was tested in the last 12 months.

Бринкерхофф кивнул и двинулся следом за Мидж. Фонтейн вздохнул и обхватил голову руками. Взгляд его черных глаз стал тяжелым и неподвижным.

Старая электрическая сушилка для рук захватана грязными пальцами.

Местная валюта, - безучастно сказал пилот. - Я понимаю.  - Беккер запнулся.  - Но тут… тут слишком .

- Парень снова сплюнул.  - Поэтому все его последователи, достойные этого названия, соорудили себе точно такие. Беккер долго молчал. Медленно, словно после укола транквилизатора, он поднял голову и начал внимательно рассматривать пассажиров. Все до единого - панки. И все внимательно смотрели на. У всех сегодня красно-бело-синие прически.

- Меган все пыталась его кому-нибудь сплавить. - Она хотела его продать. - Не волнуйся, приятель, ей это не удалось.

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